STPI Centres: The Harbinger of Dispersal of IT/ITeS Industry into Tier-II/III Cities
The evolution of industrial clusters is considered to increase the efficiency of companies making them competitive both nationally and internationally. The presence of these clusters working together in India especially concentrated around Bangalore, Noida, Mumbai, Chennai, Hyderabad and Pune, testifies that a technological revolution had taken place, somewhat identical to global technology clusters like Silicon Valley, Boston, Dallas, Ireland, Sweden and Tokyo. Although STPI centres have pan-India presence with 62 locations of which 54 centres are in Tier – II/III cities, its major focus has been around these prominent cluster regions only.
The journey of STPI started long back in the mid ‘80s when the then Department of Electronics, Govt. of India enacted major policies related to computers and software and later the Software Technology Park (STP) scheme to boost software exports from the country. In 1989, three STPs were established in Bengaluru, Bhubaneswar and Pune, which eventually merged to form Software Technology Parks of India in 1991 with a mandate to boost software exports from India by implementing STP & EHTP schemes and facilitating all the desired services to rev up the growth of Indian IT industry.
STPI made its presence felt by the implementation of STP/EHTP schemes and other Govt. initiatives, resulting in the remarkable growth of offshore software exports from the country. With few million dollars exports in 1991-92, STPI has completely transformed the software exports narratives in the world. During 2018-19, the $177 billion Indian IT industry proudly exports $136 billion and STPI units particularly contribute around $60 billion.